Recommended Exercises for Senior Population
People loses their physiological prowess as they age, this is associated to changes in body physiological functionalities such as cardiac output, muscle mass, and metabolism that become ineffective over time, the rate at which these changes occurs varies from person to person and within an individual, generally the rate of change is dependent on individual genes as well as the environment, view here to learn more. The rate at which these physiological changes happen can be derailed through modified physical exercises, however, the exercises need to be safe and tailored according to individual age and all risks involved should be laid down, it is important to seek recommendation from exercise professionals such as exercise physiologists for the right workouts, especially when dealing with the senior population. The process of aging is categorized into three typical phases namely, entering old age, this phase includes people who have retired from their careers or child-rearing sometimes they can be as young as 50 years, the second phase is the transitional phase, it is an intermediary of entering old age and frail age, this phase is characterized by people who are in their 70s, the last phase is frail old individuals, this group is highly susceptible due health problems associated with the aging and they may require assistance even with the most basic tasks more about this here. Most of the tasks senior people need assistance with such as bathing and dressing can be improved to make the complete them successfully by designing customized exercises, this may not be easy if you are untrained and have no exercise science fundamentals, to help you, we have outlined a simple guideline you can use so continue reading this article.
Elderly population will demonstrate inefficiency in completing activities of daily living (ADL) such as dressing, getting around or bathing and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) such as shopping, cooking, and other house chores, the body physiological changes are responsible for this ineffectiveness of this group, most of the senior people have chronic conditions such as arthritis, hypertension, poor coordination, diabetes among other conditions that are associated with aging. It is therefore important to customize physical activities that are aimed at improving the performance of ADL and IADL tasks which contribute to better living for this population.
Moderate aerobic exercises are among recommended exercises for the senior population, low impacts and moderate aerobic activities such as walking, swimming, and hydrodynamic exercises, it is important to keep monitoring the heart rate, blood pressure and their rating of perceived exertion during the physical activities to ensure safety at all time, also a good thing to do is to record exercise data which you need to manipulate to design and prescribe a progressive exercise program that is safe and reliable. You can use this guideline to design a safe exercise regimen for elderly people but also important exercises to consider are flexibility and coordination.
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